In the backdrop of disparity in available tourism statistics in the country, the government is — for the first time — preparing to set up a tourism satellite account to evaluate the sector’s overall state and its impact on the national economy.
A committee led by Krishna Devkota, secretary at the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation (MoCTCA), and comprising representatives from Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB), Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) and Nepal Tourism Board (NTB), has initiated the groundwork to set up the tourism satellite account, which is basically a standard statistical framework and a tool to measure the economic impact of tourism.
Many countries across the world use tourism satellite account to measure the economic impact of tourism sector as it is not a traditional industry and is therefore not included explicitly in the government’s statistical system.
In want of proper data collection, evaluation and
management system, Nepal government does not have a concrete record on the
contribution of tourism industry in the national gross domestic product (GDP),
number of foreign tourists visiting the country, the economic activities they
engage in and the amount of money they spend. Though it is claimed that tourism
sector’s contribution to
national GDP has increased in recent years, the actual contribution is still unknown.
Moreover, there is also disparity in the available statistics on inflow of foreign tourists in Nepal. Though government statistics reveal that 940,218 foreign tourists visited Nepal in 2017 via both land and air routes, a recent survey titled ‘Overland Indian Visitors Survey 2017’, carried out by MoCTCA showed that Nepal received more than 1.2 million tourists just from India through land route in the last fiscal year.
In this context, the tourism satellite account will basically measure the contribution of tourism industry to the national GDP, tourism’s ranking compared to other economic sectors, the number of jobs created by tourism in the economy, the amount of investment in the sector, tax revenue generated by tourism industries, tourism consumption, tourism’s impact on Nepal’s balance of payments, among others.